When it comes to CNC lathe machining, there are several different types, such as CNC turning lathes, milling lathes, 3D printer lathes, and so on. Although the concept for all of the machines is relatively similar, there are some unique aspects of each. In fact, even CNC lathe machining techniques vary to some degree. Regardless, the information addresses the overall operation of the lathe machine to give you a better understanding of its capabilities.
A lathe machine utilizes CNC technology, which is the acronym for Computer Numerical Control. This machine creates customized products, including shafts for the automotive industry, wood legs for the furniture industry, household products, and more, using workpieces made of metal, plastic, and wood.
Choosing the right CNC lathe tools to accompany the machine is essential for achieving the desired outcome. While there are many options, some are essential, such as the turning tool, which is capable of peeling a significant portion of the stock quickly, the finishing tool that ensures a precision finish, and the parting/cut-off tool, which works by cutting multiple parts from a piece of bar stock. Other tools worth consideration include drill and tap holders, bar puller, and boring bar. CAD or CAM processes control all of the tool paths.
Then, a menu-type interface on a computer is what controls the lathe. While an operator oversees the process, the work is performed automatically due to computerization. What it comes down to is that a computer, digitized data, and a CAD or CAM program automate, control, and monitor the movements of the machine. The CNC controller works in conjunction with a series of motors and drive components responsible for moving and controlling the axes, thereby executing the programmed movements.
Each movement of a lathe machine is precise. For that reason, the finished part, component, or product is extremely accurate. Remember, CAD and CAM are not what operate a CNC lathing machine. Instead, they create the code based on the customer’s specifications, which is followed by the machine.
This type of CNC machine is exciting because of its sophistication and responsive nature. Thanks to developments in technology, lathes are more widely used, achieving much better results than ever before. For superior products and services, we invite you to visit our NexGen Machine website, or you can call to speak one-on-one with a representative.